史密斯 全球英语国家最常用姓氏
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2019-12-05 08:23 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
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'Smith' is still the most commonly used surname in every English-speaking country around the globe, a study has found.
 
一项研究发现,“史密斯”仍然是全球所有英语国家最常用的姓氏。
 
Lending firm NetCredit has researched the world's most common family names by country by charting its usage in a series of maps.
 
The maps show that Smith is still the most frequently used surname in the US, the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The company also researched the etymology1 of each name and categorised them.
 
A surname has five possible starting points, according to the study: An occupation, a personal description, the name of a place, the name of an ancestor, or to signify a link to a benefactor2.
 
The name 'Smith' originates as an Anglo-Saxon term for a metal worker or blacksmith.
 
Similarly, the most popular surname in Luxembourg is 'Schmit', which derives3 from a similar German root.
 
In the US, the name is so popular that it's shared by one in every 121 residents.
 
In Ireland, where Irish is the national and official first language, Murphy is the most common surname.
 
A four-year-study by the University of the West of England in 2016 found that over 90 percent of the 45,602 surnames in the English dictionary are native to Britain and Ireland.
 
The use of surnames in England started around the 14th Century but eventually became law when King Henry VIII ordered that all new births be registered in the name of the father.
 
Some reports put the very first use of surnames as early as 2852 BC in China.


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1 etymology jiMzC     
n.语源;字源学
参考例句:
  • The hippies' etymology is contentious.关于嬉皮士的语源是有争议的。
  • The origin of OK became the Holy Grail of etymology.OK的出典成了词源学梦寐以求的圣杯。
2 benefactor ZQEy0     
n. 恩人,行善的人,捐助人
参考例句:
  • The chieftain of that country is disguised as a benefactor this time. 那个国家的首领这一次伪装出一副施恩者的姿态。
  • The first thing I did, was to recompense my original benefactor, my good old captain. 我所做的第一件事, 就是报答我那最初的恩人, 那位好心的老船长。
3 derives c6c3177a6f731a3d743ccd3c53f3f460     
v.得到( derive的第三人称单数 );(从…中)得到获得;源于;(从…中)提取
参考例句:
  • English derives in the main from the common Germanic stock. 英语主要源于日耳曼语系。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He derives his income from freelance work. 他以自由职业获取收入。 来自《简明英汉词典》
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